表示因果推理关系的连词

表示因果推理关系的连词:主要有so,  for,  then,  therefore等。

如The air here is polluted, so the crops are dying.

It must be late, for I have been here a long time.

温馨提示:for,because,as,since在用法和意义上的区别:

1 for引导的句子是并列分句,只能后置,并用逗号与前面的句子隔开。主要用来表示推测性原因,或附带解释、说明前一分句的情况。

如The electric current must have been turned off, for the light went out.

2 because用来引导表示直接原因的从句,语气很强,明确地说明因果关系。其引导的从句可置于句首、句末或句中。如He is absent today because he is ill.

for引导分句表示因果关系时,它可以和because互换使用。

如上句也可以说成:He is asent today, for he is ill.

但表示推测性原因,就不能互换使用。如He must be ill, for he is absent today.

3 since,as都是不讲自明的原因,是已知的原因,as的语气比since要弱。

如Since (As) you don’t feel well, you had better stay at home.

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