六类并列连词分类详解

六类并列连词分类详解
 
1. 表示累加或连续的并列连词
表示累加或连续的并列连词主要有and, both…and, not only…but also等。如:
Close the door of fear behind you, and you will see the door of faith open before you. 关上你身后的恐惧之门,你将会看见信念之门在你前面打开。
It was not until I came here that I realized this place was famous for not only its beauty but also its weather. 直到我来到这里,我才意识到这个地方之所以出名不仅是因为它的漂亮还因为它的天气。
特别要注意“祈使句+and / or+陈述句”这类句式。如:
Stand over there and then you’ll be able to see it better. 站到那儿去,你就能看得更清楚了。
 
2. 表示转折或对比的并列连词
表示转折或对比的并列连词主要有but, yet, while。如:
Sophia waited for a reply, but none came. 索菲亚等候答复,但没有任何答复。
I woke up with a bad headache, yet by the evening the pain had gone. 我醒来时,头疼得厉害,但到了晚上,疼痛就消失了。
特别要注意while一词。如:
The first two services are free, while the third costs £35.00. 前两项服务免费,但是第三项服务要花35英镑。
In some places women are expected to earn money while men work at home and raise their children. 在一些地方,妇女要去赚钱,而男人操持家务并照顾孩子。
 
3. 表示选择的并列连词
表示选择的并列连词主要有or, either…or…, neither…nor…等。如:
I often look up the words I don’t know in the dictionary or on the Internet. 我经常在字典里或网上查找我不认识的单词。
I think Tom, as the head of a big department, should either study regularly or quit his job. 我认为汤姆作为一个大部门的负责人,应该要么定期学习要么辞职。
 
4. 表示结果的并列连词
表示结果的并列连词主要有so。如:
I like ball games, so I believe it will be fun to learn baseball. 我喜欢球类运动,因此我认为学打棒球挺有趣的。
The manager has got a good business sense so the company is doing well. 这个经理具有很好的商业意识,所以公司现在运营得很好。
按英语习惯,表示结果的so不能与表示原因的because套用。
 
5. 表示原因的并列连词
表示原因的并列连词主要有for。如:
Nowadays, there is a sharp increase in children’s creativity, for they are greatly encouraged to develop their talents. 如今,由于孩子们被极力鼓励发展他们的才能,他们的创造力有了急剧的增长。
 
6. 表示时间的并列连词
表示时间的并列连词主要有when,其意为“这时”“就在这个时候”。如:
We were just about ready to leave when it started to snow. 我们差不多准备要走时,天突然下起了雪来。
I was driving along, minding my own business, when the police stopped my car. 我一直开车前行,好端端的警察就把我拦了下来。

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