one…the other还是one…another

有这样一道题考题:
Her lecture was hard to follow because she kept jumping from one subject to _____.
A. other                               B. the other
C. the others                        D. another
【陷阱】容易误选B。选择依据可能是one … the other …这一常用结构。
【分析】最佳答案为D。使用one … the other … 时,我们通常是针对两者而言的,即指“两者中的一个……,另一个……”;如果所谈论的情况不是针对两者而言的,而是针对多者而言的,那么我们就不宜在 one 后使用 the other,而考虑用 another。又如(答案均选D,即选 another)
(1) Those cakes look delicious. Could I have __________ one?
A. other                              B. the other
C. the others                       D. another
(2) I have many such novels. I’ll bring __________ tomorrow.
A. other                              B. the other
C. the others                       D. another
(3) Saying is one thing and doing is __________.
A. other                              B. the other
C. the others                       D. another
比较以下各例:
(1) Shut _________ eye, Jim.
A. another                           B. some other
C. other                              D. the other
答案选 D,因为人的眼睛只有两只,故用 one … the other … 结构。
(2) It’s sometimes hard to tell one twin from __________.
A. another                           B. some other
C. other                              D. the other
答案选 Dtwin 意为孪生子之一双胞胎之一,即指两者之一,故用 one … the other … 这一结构。

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