替代词it, that, (the) one(s), those的用法讲解

替代词it, that, (the) one(s), those的用法讲解
 
1. itthat的用法
两者都可替代the+单数名词(可数或不可数)”,均表特指,但it指前面提到的“同一”事物,而that是指前面提到的“同类”事物。如:
The Parkers bought a new house but ________will need a lot of work before they can move in.
A. they                B. it                   C. one                D. which
解析:答案选Bit替代 the + house”,指的就是前面提到的the Parkers所买的那座新房子。
Few pleasures can equal ________ of a cool drink on a hot day.
A. some               B. any                C. that                D. those
解析:答案选Cthat替代the pleasure,指与前面提到的同属“快乐的事”。
2. 替代词one的用法
one用以替代“a+单数可数名词”,表示泛指。特指的the one相当于thatthe one复数形式the ones,在口语中也常用those代替;当后面有of短语时,一般用thatthose,当有前置修饰语时,只能用one(s),如the red oneone(s), the one(s), those, that都是替代“同类”事物,其中只有that替代不可数名词。如:
We needed a new cupboard for the kitchen. So Peter made ________ from some wood we had.
A. it                     B. one                   C. himself           D. another
解析:答案选Bone替代a cupboard
Mr Zhang gave the textbooks to all the pupils except ________who had already taken them.
A. the ones            B. ones                  C. some              D. the others
解析:答案选A,后面的定语从句是特指,the ones替代 the pupils。此处也可用those
 

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