反身代词的用法




反身代词的用法
 
1. 作动词或介词的宾语:经常在enjoy, teach, hurt, buy, introduce, seat, dress, express, amuse, behave等动词和by, for, to, of等介词后作宾语。如:
He is teaching herself English.她在自学英语。
She was talking to herself.她自言自语。
He lives by himself in the country.他独自住在乡下。
2. 作主语或宾语的同位语:主要起加强语气的作用,译作“亲自,本身,本人”。如:
Did you make the cake yourself?这蛋糕是你亲自做的吗?(yourself作主语you的同位语)
The work itself is easy.这工作本身很容易。(itself作主语the work的同位语)
Did you see Mr. Wang himself?你见过王先生本人吗?(himself作宾语Mr. Wang的同位语)
3. 作表语:在be, feel, look, seem等系动词后作表语,表示身体或精神状态处于正常。如:
I’m not myself today.今天我感觉不舒服。
I am feeling myself again.我觉得健康如昔。
4. 用于一些简短的会话用语或固定说法中。如:
Help yourself! 请随便吃吧!/请自己去取吧!
Make yourself at home! 别客气!
Don’t upset yourself! 别自寻烦恼(from www.yygrammar)
Make yourself heard /understood. 使你的话被人听得见/理解。
 

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