高考英语中定语从句的主要考点简说

高考英语中定语从句的主要考点简说
 
考点一  考查关系代词whose引导的定语从句
1. A person ________ e-mail account is full won’t be able to send or receive any e-mails. (天津卷)
A. who                     B. whom                   C. whose                  D. whoever
【解析】C。在所给的四个关系代词中,只有whose能用于名词用作定语,故选C。又如:A bookseller is a person whose job is selling books. 书商就是其职业是卖书的人。
2. Many children, ________ parents are away working in big cities, are taken good care of in the village. (安徽卷)
A. their                     B. whose                   C. of them                D. with whom
【解析】Btheir是物主代词,不是关系代词,不能引导定语从句,所以不能选;在其余三个选项中,只有whose用于名词用作定语,故选B。句意为:许多孩子的父母外出到大城市打工去了,他们在家乡被照顾得很好。
3. I was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, a city ________ name will create a picture of beautiful trees and green grass in our mind. (湖南卷)
A. which                   B. of which               C. that                      D. whose
【解析】D。在所给定的四个关系代词中,只有whichwhose能用于名词用作定语,故可排除BC。而关系代词whichwhose用于名词前作定语的区别是:which具有thatthis语义特征,而whose则具有one’s的语义特征。
 
考点二  考查关系代词which引导的定语从句
1. They’ve won their last three matches, ________ I find a bit surprising. (辽宁卷)
A. that                      B. when                    C. what                    D. which
【解析】Dthat不用于引导非限制性定语从句,故被排除;when可引导非限制性定语从句,但只用于指时间,与句意不符,故也被排除;而what不是关系代词,不能用于引导定语从句,故也被排除;which在此引导非限制性定语从句,并在定语从句中充当动词find的宾语。句意为:他们赢了最后三场比赛,我发现这有点令人吃惊。
2. My friend showed me round the town, ________ was very kind of him. (全国Ⅱ)
A. which                   B. that                      C. where                   D. it
【解析】A。由于两个句子之间没有并列连词,所以不能选BD;而where是关系副词,不能用作主语;which在此引导非限制性定语从句,并在从句中用作主语。又如:Peter drove too fast, which was dangerous. 彼得开车很快,这是很危险的。
3. Whenever I met her, ________ was fairly often, she greeted me with a sweet smile. (山东卷)
A. who                     B. which                   C. when                    D. that
【解析】Bthat不能用于引导非限制性定语从句,故可排除;when是关系副词,不用作主语,故也可排除;who用于指人,但这里的定语从句不是修饰her,而是修饰whenever I met her,故不能用who,此处应用which。又如:He said that he had never seen her before, which was not true. 他说他从没见到过她,这是不真实的。

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