使用定语从句时的几个误区(四)

使用定语从句时的几个误区(四)  
   
1.误认为关系代词whose只用于修饰人  
whose用作疑问代词时,主要用于指人;但用作关系代词时,它既可指人也可指物。如:  
It was an island, whose name I have forgotten. 它是一座岛,名字我忘了。  
The factory, whose workers are all women, is closed during the holidays. 这家工厂工人都是妇女,在假期中工厂关门了。  
2.混淆定语从句与并列句  
请看下面两题:  
(1) He has two children, and both of _______ are abroad.  
A. them                  B. which                    C. whom                    D. who  
(2) He has two children, both of _______ are abroad.  
A. them                  B. which                    C. whom                    D. who  
(1)题选A,第(2)题选C。由于第(1)题中用了并列连词and,从而使整个句子为并列句,and后应是一个独立的简单句,所以选A不选C;第(2)题没有并列连词andboth of whom are abroad为非限制性定语从句。另外,请比较下题(答案为A)  
He has two children, both of _______ being abroad.  
A. them                  B. which                    C. whom                    D. who  
3.误认为逗号后一定是非限制性定语从句  
有的同学一看见逗号,就以为一定要选which而不选that,但问题是有时根本就不是定语从句。如:  
(1) If a book is in English, _______ means slow progress for you.  
A. as                      B. which                    C. what                      D. that  
(2) When I say two hours, _______ includes time for eating.   
A. as                      B. which                    C. what                      D. that  
以上两题均应选that,而不能选which,因为它们根本不是定语从句。之所以选that,是因为句中已有ifwhen引导的状语从句,逗号后为主句,that为主句主语。
  

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