关系代词which的用法

关系代词which的用法
 
关系代词which只用于指事或物,不用于指人,它在定语从句中主要用作主语或宾语。如:
She was not on the train which arrived just now. 她不在刚才到达的那列火车上。(关系代词whichtrain,在从句中用作主语)
He never got back the money which he had lent him. 他从未收回他曾借给他的那笔钱。(关系代词whichmoney,在从句中用作宾语)
which用于引导限制性定语从句外,还可以引导非限制定语从句。如:
The ship struck an iceberg, which tore a huge hole in her side. 船碰在一座冰山上,船帮被撞出一个大洞。
She gave me this jumper, which she had knitted herself. 她送给我这件羊毛衫,这是她亲手织的。
This machine, which I have looked after for twenty years, is still working perfectly. 这台机器我已经照管了20年,现在仍然没一点儿毛病。
which有时也可用作定语,尤其用于“介词+which+名词”这类结构中,此时的which含有thisthat的意味。如:
He may be busy, in which case I’ll call later. 他可能忙,如若如此,我以后再来拜访。
I may have to work late, in which case I’ll telephone. 我可能得晚点下班,那样我会打电话的。
He lost his temper, at which point I decided to go home. 他发脾气了,这时我就决定回家了。
He was appointed Lord Chancellor, in which post he spent the rest of his life. 他被任命为大法官,在这个职位上度过了他的后半生。
The postman comes at 6.30 in the morning, at which time I am usually fast asleep. 邮递员早晨630分来,这个时候我通常还睡着大觉呢。
It was derived from Posidonius, for which reason much of its information may well have been out of date. 它源于鲍森杜尼尔斯。由于这个原因,它的大部分信息很可能已经过时。
有时其前也可以没有介词。如:
He is studying economics, which knoweledge is very important today. 他学经济学,这种知识现今很重要。
He spoke in Greek, which language I could only follow with difficulty. 他说希腊语,我听起来很吃力。

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