关系代词whose用法

关系代词whose用法
 
whose用作疑问代词或连接代词时,用法比较单一,均表示“谁的”,一般不会出错,这里主要说说它用作关系代词的用法。
1. whose用作关系代词时,它并不表示“谁的”,而是表示“……的……”,在具体语境需要灵活处理。如:
He is the man whose car was stolen. 他就是汽车被窃的人。
The boys whose names were called stood up. 叫到名字的男孩们站了起来。
You are the only one whose advice he might listen to. 你是惟一可能使他听从劝告的人。
2. 不要以为whose引导定语从句时,其先行词一定是指人的名词,其实也可以是指事物(包括动物)的名词。如:
It was an island whose name I have forgotten. 这是一座岛,名字我忘了。
Wolves are highly social animals whose success depends upon cooperation. 狼是高度群体化的动物,它们的成功依赖于合作。
3. 不仅可以引导限制性定语从句,也可引导非限制性定语从句。如:
My bitch, whose temper is very uncertain, often bites the judges at dog shows. 我的母狗脾气不稳定,常常在狗展上咬裁判。
4. 引导定语从句的“whose+名词”,有时可换成其他结构,注意词序的变化。比较:
破了窗户的那座房子是空的。
正:The house whose windows are broken is empty.
正:The house the windows of which are broken is empty.
正:The house of which the windows are broken is empty.
正:The house with broken windows is empty.

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