在时间或地点名词后一定要用where或when来引导定语从句吗

我们有的初学者在学习定语从句时,误认为时间名词后就一定要用 when 来引导定语从句,地点名词后就一定要用 where 来引导定语从句。其实不一定。如:
a. I will never forget the days __________ I lived in the country.
b. I will never forget the days __________ I spent in the country.
A. thatthat                      B. whenwhen               C. thatwhen               D. whenthat
此题应选D。容易误选B。考生往往错误地认为,时间或地点名词后的定语从句就一定要用关系副词whenwhere 来引导。注意在选择关系副词when 时,考生要明确两个问题:一是先行词是否是指时间或地点的名词,二是whenwhere在定语从句中是否用作状语。
a句中的定语从句主语和宾语齐全,所以可用表时间的状语(when),而b句中的定语从句,显然 spent缺宾语,所以选关系代词that
考生从以上分析中应明确这样一点:选择关系词时一定要看它在定语从句中充当什么成分。尤其是当先行词为表时间或地点的名词时,千万不要想当然地认为一定要用关系副词whenwhere来引导定语从句。再如:
1. a. This is the school ________ I studied last year.
b. This is the school ________ I visited last year.
A. thatthat                                                        B. wherewhere
C. thatwhere                                                     D. wherethat
2. a. I still remember the time ________ he was born.
b. I still remember the time ________ he told me.
A. thatthat                                                        B. whenwhen
C. thatwhen                                                      D. whenthat
答案:1. D      2. D

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