注意:学习定语从句的几个误区

大家在学习定语从句时的几个误区,分享如下:
 
一、误认为关系代词whose只用于修饰人
whose用作疑问代词时,主要用于指人;但用作关系代词时,它既可指人也可指物。如:
It was an island, whose name I have forgotten. 它是一座岛,名字我忘了。
The factory, whose workers are all women, is closed during the holidays. 这家工厂工人都是妇女,在假期中工厂关门了。
二、混淆定语从句与并列句
请看下面两题:
1. He has two children, and both of _________ are abroad.
A. them       B. which      C. whom      D. who
2. He has two children, both of _________ are abroad.
A. them       B. which       C. whom      D. who
1题选A,第2题选C。由于第1题中用了并列连词and,从而使整个句子为并列句,and后应是一个独立的简单句,所以选A不选C;第2题没有并列连词andboth of whom are abroad非限制性定语从句。另外,请比较下面一题:
He has two children, both of _________ being abroad.
A. them       B. which       C. whom      D. who
此题答案为A,其中的both of them being abroad为独立主格结构,用作状语。
请再看一组类似的例子:
1. He wrote a lot of novels, many of _________ translated into foreign languages.
A. it            B. them         C. which     D. that
2. He wrote a lot of novels, many of _________ were translated into foreign languages.
A. it            B. them         C. which     D. that
1应选B,而不能选C,是因为句中的 translated 是过去分词(非谓语动词),若选C,则该从句无谓语;第2应选C,因为句中有谓语 were translated。比较下面一例:
He wrote a lot of novels, and many of _________ were translated into foreign languages.
A. it              B. them       C. which     D. that
此题与上面的第2题不同,两句间多了一个并列连词and,说明这是一个并列句,故应选B,则不能选C
三、混淆关系代词与关系副词
有的同学一看到先行词是表示时间、地点、原因的名词,就认为一定要用关系副词,其实也不一定。在此情况下,还要看关系词在定语从句中是用作什么成分,若是用作状语,则用关系副词,若不是用作状语(如用作主语、宾语等)则不能用关系副词,而用关系代词。比较:
This is the factory where I want to work. 这就是我想工作的工厂。(work为不及物动词where在从句中用作状语)
This is the factory that I want to visit. 这就是我想参观的工厂。(visit为及物动词,that用作visit的宾语)
The reason why he can’t come is that he is ill. 他没来的是因为他病了。(come为不及物动词,why在定语从句中用作状语)
The reason that he put forth is very important. 他提出的理由很重要。(put forth为及物动词,that在定语从句中用作其宾语)

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