定语从句中whose, of whom与of which的用法区别

定语从句中whose, of whom与of which的用法区别
 
1. 关系代词 whose,引导定语从句时,既可指人,又可指物,在从句中只能作定语;of whom 只能指人;of which 只能指物,有时 whose 可以与 of whom 和 of which 互换使用。如:
The girl whose hair is golden is from England. 头发金色的那个女孩是英国人。
The house whose doors are green is an office building. 门是绿色的那座房子是办公楼。
2. “介词 + whose +名词” 引导定语从句如:
I love my motherland, for whose good future I will work hard. 我爱我的祖国,为了她美好的未来我要努力工作。
3. 在下列情况下,一般只用 of whom 和 of which。
(1) 定语从句的主语是 few, little, some, most, many, much等时,一般只用of whom和of which。
In the room are lots of people, many of whom I dont know. 房间里有很多人,很多人我不认识。
He has a lot of story-books, a few of which I have never read. 他有很多故事书,有几本故事书我还从未看过。(from www.52yufa.com)
(2) 定语从句的主语是数词、形容词的最高级时,一般只用of whom和of which。如:
The old man has three children, two of whom are college students and one of whom is a manager. 那个老人有三个小孩,其中两个是大学生,另一个是经理。
(3) 定语从句的主语是all, none, both, neither, each等不定代词时,一般只用of whom和of which。如:
There are fifty students in our class, all of whom are working hard. 我们班有五十个学生,所有这五十个学生学习都刻苦。
He planted two trees last year, both of which are growing well. 去年他栽了两棵树,这两棵树都长得好。
(4)定语从句中作表语的定语时,一般只用of whom和of which。如:
He has three brothers, of whom Li Lei is the youngest one. 它有三兄弟,李蕾是他们中最小的一个。
There are many countries in Asia, of which China is the largest one. 亚洲有很多国家,中国是最大的一个。
 

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