百分数作主语谓语动词用什么数

百分数作主语谓语动词用什么数?
 
将近百分之七十的资金由政府提供。
误:Nearly 70% of the fund were supplied by the Government.
正:Nearly 70% of the fund was supplied by the Government.
析:数词+percent of+名词作主语时,其谓语的数原则上与该结构中名词的数保持一致(这也是各级考试常遵循的原则),比较:
About 30 percent of the pupils were absent that day. 那天大约有30%的学生迟到。
注:在现代英语中,有时即使以上结构中的名词为复数, 其谓语也可用单数(即将其视为 整体),如:
Over sixty per cent of families own [owns] a television. 百分之六十以上的家庭已拥有电视机。
现在大分部分教科书都有插图。
误:A large percentage of schoolbooks now has pictures.
正:A large percentage of schoolbooks now have pictures.
析:“a large (small) percentage of+名词结构用作主语时, 其谓语的数原则上与该结构中名词的数保持一致。比较:
Only a small percentage of the money is mine. 这笔钱当中只有一少部分是我的。
注:若其中的名词为表示可数意义的集合名词,则其谓语根据情况可用单数(视为整体)或复数(考虑其个体),如:
What percentage of the population read(s) books? 识字的人占人口的百分之几?

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