英语独立主格结构中的非谓语动词用法讲解

英语独立主格结构中的非谓语动词用法讲解
 
独立主格结构的基本形式是“名词或代词+形容词(副词、介词短语、非谓语动词等)”。本文主要归纳“名词或代词+非谓语动词”这一结构的用法。
1. 名词或代词+不定式
其中的不定式通常表示尚未发生或即将要发生的动作。如:
Nobody to come tomorrow, we will have to put off the meeting till next week. 如果明天没有人来,我们将把会议推迟到下周。
So many people to help him, he is sure to succeed. 有如此多的人来帮助他,他一定会成功的。
We divided the work, he to dean the window and I to sweep the floor. 我们分了工,他擦窗户,我扫地。
2. 名词或代词+现在分词
其中的现在分词通常表示动作正在进行(或当时正在进行)。如:
She ran up to me, her hair flying in the wind. 她向我跑来,秀发在风中飘扬着。
We explored the caves, Peter acting as a guide. 由彼得作向导,我们探查了那些洞穴。
We redoubled our efforts, each man working like two. 我们加倍努力,一个人干两个人的活。
注:有时现在分词不表示进行,而表示一般情况。如:
Their room was on the third floor, it’s window overlooking the sports ground. 他们的房间在三层楼上,窗户俯视着操场。
3. 名词或代词+过去分词
其中的过去分词通常表示被动意义。如:
Everyone helped, John not excepted. 大家都来帮忙,约翰也不例外。
All our savings gone, we started looking for jobs. 积蓄全部用完了,我们就开始找工作。
This done, they next set to clean the room. 做完这件事之后,他们接下来就开始清理房间。
She gazed, her hands clasped to her breast. 她凝视着,双手叉在胸前。
【现学现用】
1. I send you 100 dollars today, the rest _________ in a year.
A. follows                 B. followed               C. to follow             D. being followed
2. All things _________, I think we ought to give the job to George.
A. considered            B. considering           C. to consider          D. being considered
3. The river _________ in the night, the crossing was impossible.
A. to rise                   B. rose                     C. having risen         D. being risen
4. More time _________, we should have done the job much better.
A. to give                  B. give                     C. being given           D. given
5. We shall play the match tomorrow, weather _________.
A. permets                B. permitting             C. to permit             D. permitted
6. The monitor _________ ill, we’d better put the meeting off.
A. being                    B. to be                   C. been                     D. to have been
7. An important lecture _________ given tomorrow, the professor has to stay up late into the night.
A. to be                     B. being                   C. been                    D. to have been
8. He was lying on the grass, his hands _________ under his head.
A. to cross                 B. crossed               C. crossing               D. to be crossing
9. Tom _________ late over and over, his boss was very disappointed.
A. having been            B. been                   C. to be                    D. to being
10. Other things _________ equal, I would buy the black dress not the white one.
A. being                     B. to be                   C. been                    D. having been

【参考答案】1—5 CACDB  6—10 AABAA

Leave a Reply

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注