目的状语从句用法讲解

目的状语从句用法讲解
 
目的状语从句就是在复合句中表示主句动作发生目的的状语从句。用于引导目的状语从句的连词不多,比较常用的有in order thatso that,另外,in case有时也可引导目的状语从句。
1. in order that引导:in order that的意思是“为了”。如:
He studied hard in order that he could pass the exam. 他努力学习以便能考试及格。
He left early in order that he should / would / might arrive on time. 他早早动身好按时到达。
该结构有时可与 in order to 转换。如:
He is working hard in order to pass the examination.He is working hard in order that he can pass the examination. 为了考试及格,他正在努力学习。
2. so that引导:so that此时的意思是“以便”。如:
Bring it closer that I might see it better. 拿近些,使我能看得清楚些。
She burned the letters so that her husband would never read them. 她把信都烧了,这样一来她丈夫就永远看不到了。
注意:so that引导目的状语从句与引导结果状语从句时的意思不一样。
3. in case引导:in case此时的意思是“以防”“以备”。如:
I always keep a bottle of wine by in case friends call round. 我平时总存着一瓶酒以备朋友来时喝。
It may rainyoud better take an umbrella (just) in case it does. 可能会下雨你,最好带把伞,以防万一。
注意:in case引导目的状语从句与引导条件状语从句时的意思不一样。

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