结果状语从句的五个知识点讲解

结果状语从句的五个知识点讲解
 
一、引导结果状语从句的从属连词
主要的有so that, so…that, such…that等:
He studied hard so that he passed the exam. 他学习用功,所以考试通过了。
He was so angry that he couldn’t speak. 他气得话都说不出来。
He shut the window with such force that the glass broke. 他关窗子用力很大,结果玻璃震破了。
【注】so…thatsuch…that中的that有时(尤其在口语中)可省略:
I am so busy I have no time to write a letter. 我很忙,连写信的时间都没有。
There was such a lot of rain (that) we couldn’t go out. 雨那么大,我们没法出去。

二、so…that such…that 的用法比较
从用法上看,so后应接形容词或副词,而such后接名词(参见以上例句)。但有时“so+形容词后还可接一个名词,且这个名词总是带不定冠词的单数可数名词(不能是复数名词或不可数名词)
正:He is so clever a child that we all like him. 这小孩很聪明,我们都喜欢他。
正:They are such clever children that we all like them. 这些孩子很聪明,我们都很喜欢。
误:They are so clever children that we all like them.
此时的so…that结构可与such…that结构转换:
It’s such an interesting film that we all want to see it. 这电影很有趣,我们都想看。
It’s so interesting a film that we all want to see it. 这电影很有趣,我们都想看。
【注】在much, many, little, few 这四个词前总是用so而不用such
He had so many falls that he was black and blue all over. 他摔了许多跤,结果全身都是伤。
He earns so little money that he can hardly feed his family. 他赚的钱很少几乎不能养家糊口。

三、结果状语从句与不定式短语的转换
so thatso…that引导的结果状语从句有时可与表结果的so as toso…as to引出的不定式短语转换:
He arrived late so that he missed the train. / He arrived late so as to miss the train. 他到得很迟,结果未赶上火车。
He wrote so carefully that he made no mistakes. / He wrote so carefully as to make no mistakes. 他写得很仔细,所以没有出错。

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