副词rather用法有哪些

副词rather用法有哪些

一、用作副词
1.很,颇,在很大程度上
It’s rather difficult. 它相当难。
I was rather angry at what he said. 我对他说的话相当生气。
This carpet’s getting rather old now. 这块地毯现在很旧了。
I’m afraid our team’s doing rather badly. 我看我们队的表现不太好。
We were rather tired after our long walk. 徒步走了这么远,我们都相当累了。
I feel rather well today. 我今天觉得相当好。
The new law has affected rather a lot of people. 新法律影响到了相当多的人。
2.(用于比较级之前表强调)…得多,还要更
The weather was rather worse than I had expected. 天气要比我预料的还坏。
This hotel is rather more expensive than that. 这家旅馆的收费比那家贵得多。
3.(用于too之前表强调)太:
He talks rather too much. 他说得实在太多了。
I’ve been to rather too many parties recently. 我最近参加的聚会实在太多了。
二、用于短语
1. or rather 更确切地说
She lives in London, or rather she lives in a suburb of London. 她住在伦敦,更确切的说,是在伦敦近郊。
I explained to him how far things had got, or rather had not got. 我向他说明形势发展到何种程度,或者更确切地说向他说明形势没有发展到何种程度。
2. rather than 而不是,(不是…)而是:He ran rather than walked. 他不是在走而是在跑。
You are doing this for yourself rather than for me. 你做这件事不是为我而是为你自己。
It was what he meant rather than what he said. 这是他话里的意思,而不是他说的原话。
3. would rather…(than)… 宁愿…(而不愿)I’d rather walk than take a bus. 我宁愿走路而不愿乘公共汽车。
He would rather have the small one than (have) the large one. 他宁愿要小的那个,而不愿要大的。
三、重要用法
1. 修饰形容词时,通常与那些意义“消极”的形容词连用:
Frank is clever but rather lazy. 弗兰克很聪明但颇为懒惰。
若与意义“积极”的形容词连用,则通常含有“惊人地”的意思:
I did rather well in that test—better than expected. 这次考试我考得相当好——比我预料的还好。
2.有时可用于修饰动词,尤其是那些表达思想或情感的动词:
I rather like him. 我很喜欢他。
She rather enjoys doing nothing. 她挺喜欢什么事都不干。
It rather surprised me. 那事使我相当惊讶。
I rather think we’re going to lose. 我倒是认为我们要输。
We were rather hoping you could stay to supper. 我们倒是希望你留下来吃晚饭。
3.与不定冠词连用时,通常要置于不定冠词之前:
He is rather a fool. 他是个大笨蛋。
但若其后的名词带有形容词修饰语,则也可置于不定冠词之后:
That’s rather a silly question.= That’s a rather silly question. 那是个相当愚蠢的问题。

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