very, much, very much的用法区别总结

very, much, very much的用法区别总结
 
三者均可表示非常,区别如下:
1. very 主要修饰形容词或副词。如:
The dictionary is very useful. 这本词典很有用。
He drove very fast. 他的车开得很快。
注:修饰副词 too,要用 much。如:
It is much too expensive. 这太贵了。
2. much 主要修饰动词。如:
She doesn’t like him much. 她不太喜欢他。
Does she much like him? / Does she like him much? 她很喜欢他吗?
注意:much 修饰动词时,通常只用于否定句或疑问句 (见上例),而不能用于肯定陈述句,除非其前有 very, too, so 等之类的修饰语。如:
误:He likes the film much.
正:He likes the film very much. 他很喜欢这部电影。
单个的 much (即没有修饰语)有时也可能在肯定句修饰动词,但这只限于 regret, admire, prefer, appreciate 等少数动词,且此时的 much 应置于句中,而不是句末。如:
We much appreciate your invitation. 我们非常感激你的邀请。
3. much 除修饰动词外,还可修饰比较级和最高级以及介词短语等。如:
He is much better today. 他今天好多了。
This is much the most difficult. 这是最最困难的。
Much to my surprise, he was a thief. 使我大为吃惊的是,他是个贼。
注:very 有时也可修饰最高级 (注意在句中的位置)。如:
This is the very lowest price. 这是最低最低的价格。
4. 修饰过去分词,通常用 much,不用 very。但修饰已经转化成形容词的过去分词,或形容词性质较强的过去分词 (如过去分词作定语时),则可用 very。如:
I was much surprised at the news. 听到这个消息我非常吃惊。
Her face wore a very surprised expression. 她脸上露出很吃惊的表情。
5. very much much 的强调说法,从理论上说,可用 much 的地方,原则上也可 very much

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