1. 主要用于否定句、疑问句、条件句、比较句等,其意大致相当于汉语的曾经”“以前等,有时往往有较活的译法。如:
Nobody else could ever say such a thing. 没有别人会说这样的话。
Please don’t ever do that again. 请不要再这样做。
Did anybody ever hear of such a thing? 谁听见过这样的事?
He argued harder than ever. 他争论得比过去更加激烈了。
She was as interested in music as ever. 她对音乐还是像过去那样有兴趣。
If you ever visit London, you must come and stay with us. 你要是到伦敦来,一定要到我们这里住住。
有时也可hardly, few, little等半否定词连用。如:
It hardly ever snows here. 这儿几乎从不下雪。
Very few ever stopped to listen. 很少人停下来听。
2. 在通常情况下,ever(曾经)不用于肯定句中。如:
误:I ever studied the guitar for three years.
正:I once studied the guitar for three years.
但是,在以下情况,ever 也可用于肯定句:
(1) 在修饰最高级+名词结构的定语从句中。如:
This is the worst cold I ever had. 这是我患过的最严重的感冒。
She is the ablest girl I’ve ever met. 她是我见到过的最有才干的姑娘。
(2) 具有较强怀疑语气的句子中。如:
I wonder if he’d ever stopped to think how I felt. 我不知道他是否曾经想过我的感受。
(3) 修饰比较级,表示越来越”“日益。如:
The situation there is becoming ever more complicated. 那儿的情况越来越复杂了。
(4) 表示总是”“经常=always)。如:
He is ever ready to find fault. 他老是喜欢挑毛病。
这种用法在现代英语中已很少见,通常用 always 代之。
(5) 用于某些习语,如for ever(永远)ever since(自从……以来),ever so(非常),ever such(非常)等。

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