中考英语语法:主谓一致复习

主谓一致专项复习

【复习目标】

·掌握主谓一致的原则。

·掌握主谓一致应注意的几个问题。

【课前准备】

·要求学生回忆有关主谓一致的具体应用。

【知识要点】

1\语法形式上的一致。

主语为单数形式, 谓语动词用单数形式:主语为复数形式,谓语动词用复数形式。

2.意义上一致。

(1)主语形式虽为单数,但意义为复数,谓语动词用复数。

单数形式表示复数意义的词有people, police, audience等。

(2)主语形式为复数而意义上却是单数或不可数,谓语动词用单数。

形复意单(不可数)的词有:news, maths, physics等。

3.就近原则

谓语动词的单、复数取决于最靠近它的主语,如there be句型或用连词either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also等。

4.要注意的几个问题。

(1)class, family, team, country, school等集合名词作主语时,如果指整体,用单数;如果指每个成员,用复数。

如:His family are watching TV in the sitting room.

His family is very big.

(2)trousers, shoes, glasses, socks, stockings, scissors单独作主语时,谓语动词用复数,但当它们与a pair of或pairs of连用时,谓语动词与pair的数保持一致。

如:The pair of glasses fits you well.

Several pairs of new shoes have been sent to the old men.

(3)名词性物主代词后的动词单复数,取决于它所代替的是单数还是复数。

如:ours (=Our Party) is a great party.

Your shoes are black, mine (=my shoes) are brown.

5.当主语后面跟有with, together with, like, but, except, besides, as well as等引导的词组时,其谓语动词的单、复数按主语单、复数而定。

如:Mr Green together with his children goes to the park every Sunday.

6.the+adj表示一类人,作主语时,谓语动词用复数。

如:The old are going to be looked after well.

7.and连接并列主语、谓语动词通常用复数,但如果指同个人,同一事物或同一概

念,谓语动词用单数,这时and后面的名词无冠词。

如:A speaker and writer is coming tomorrow.(同一个人)

A speaker and a writer are coming tomorrow.(两个人)

8.Every A and every B/Each A and each B/No A and no B作主语时,谓语动词

用单数,其中A、B代表单数名词。

9.The number of+…,谓语动词用单数。

A number of+…,谓语动词用复数,相当于a lot of。

如:The number of the students in our class is 50.

A number of students are learning Japanese now.

10.在主谓倒装的句子中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致

Behind the house are some trees.

11.表示数量的one and a half后,名词要用复数形式,但是其短语作主语时,谓

语动词用单数形式。

如:One and a half bananas is left on the table.

12.几分之几/half of/part of/the rest of+n/pron.作主语,谓语动词由后面的n/pron决定。而one of+n/pron作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

如:Two thirds of the bread was eaten.

13.名词所有格之后的名词被省略的情况一般只指商店、工场、住宅等,作主语时,动词一般用单数。

如:The doctor’s is on the other side of the street.

14.表示“一段时间”“一段距离”“一些钱”的名词作主语时,谓语动词一般用

单数。

如:Six miles is too far for an old man to walk.

15.关系代词who, that, which在定语从句中作主语时,其谓语动词的数与先行词

一致。

如:Those who want to go have signed their names here.

16.疑问代词who, what, which作主语时,谓语动词根据说话人所表达的意思决定单

复数。如:

Who live next door? It’s Zhang and Liu./Who lives next door? It’s Liu.

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