主谓一致练习题+答案解析

专项训练
1. (2014·湖北枣阳·26)—There     some chocolate and some hamburgers on the table. Help yourself !
—Thank you. I like     very much.
A. are;them B. is;they C. is;them D. are;they
2. ( 2014·上海奉贤区·42.) Mr Smith’s never angry with their daughter.     Mrs Smith.
A. So is B. So has C. Neither is D. Neither has
3. (2014·湖北枣阳·37)—Tara has made great progress in English this term.
—    ,and     .
A. So she has;so have you B. So she has;so you have
C. So has she;so you have D. So has she;so have you
4. (2014·山东德州·17)Either Eve or Herb     been invited by Lucy’s parents already.
A. have B. has C. was D. were
5. (2014·湖北枣阳·35)—We are afraid of the teachers     strict with students.
—So am I.
A. that is B. whom are C. who is D. that are
6. (2013·天津)There     some flowers on the teacher’s desk just now,but now there     nothing on it.
A. have;has B. were;was
C. were;is D. has;has
7. (2013·湖北黄冈)—I hear Huang Gang made an English speech at the graduation ceremony yesterday.
—    , and    .
A. So he did;so did I B. So did he;so I did
C. So he was;so was I D. So was he;so I was
8. (2013·安徽)—Have you got some water to drink?
—Here you are. There    still some in the bottle.
A. are B. has C. is D. have
9. (2013·广东广州)Every student as well as some teachers who     to visit the museum     asked to be at the school gate before 7∶30 in the morning.
A. are;are B. is;is C. are;is D. is;are
10. (2013·江苏南京)—I’ve given all my pocket money to the people in Sichuan.
—    . I hope they can get over the difficulties they are meeting.
A. So am I B. So have I C. So I have D. So I am
参考答案与解析
1. C 解析:考查主谓一致的用法。There be结构中由两个并列主语时,遵循就近原则。应答句应该复数代词的宾格。故选C。
2. C 解析:考查倒装句的用法。前一句表示否定,后一句的倒装句应该用neither;因为前面一句的谓语部分是be动词,所以排除A、B、D三项。故选C。
3. A 解析:考查倒装句的用法。副词so放在句首,表示前面所说的情况也适用于“她”和“你”。故选D。
4. B 解析:考查主谓一致的用法。该句是现在完成时态的被动语态。either…or连接两个主语,谓语部分的助动词要用单数形式。故选B。
5. D 解析:考查定语从句的用法。先行词是复数,在句中作主语,从句的谓语动词应该用复数形式,关系代词在从句中作主语,所以排除A、B、C三项。故选D。
6. C 解析:考查there be句型的用法。没有there have/has结构,排除A、D;“some flowers”作主语,谓语动词使用复数形式;but表示转折,第二空时态为一般现在时,排除B。故选C。
7. A 解析:考查so引导的倒装句。把副词so放在句首,表示前面所说的情况也适用于另一人或物,构成“so + be (have,助动词或情态动词) + 主语”句型。如果表示对上文的肯定用so + 主语 + be (have,助动词或情态动词),表示“确实如此”。上文说黄刚做了演讲,下文说他确实做了(演讲),而且我也做了。故选A。
8. C 解析:考查there be句型。water是不可数名词,用be动词单数形式,故选C。
9. C 解析:考查主谓一致和定语从句。句意:参观博物馆的学生和老师必须于明天上午7∶30在校门口集合。整个句子的主语是Every student,所以第二空填is;定语从句“who are to visit the museum”的先行词是some teachers,所以用are,故选C。
10. B 解析:考查so引导的倒装句。句意:——我已把所有的零用钱都给了四川的人们。——我也是。我希望他们能够克服正面临的困难。由后句“我希望他们能够克服正面临的困难”可知,完整回答应该是“I have given all my pocket money, too.”故选B。

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