动词不规则表口诀记忆和自我检测

一、规则动词的过去式由“动词原形+-ed”构成,具体变化有:

  1. 直接在词尾加-ed。如:

clean—cleaned  ,need—needed,   stay—stayed

want—wanted,   work—worked,

  1. 以不发音的e结尾的在词尾加-d。

如:live—lived,  like—liked,  move—moved  , use—used,

  1. 以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,先双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-ed。

如:prefer–preferred ,occur – occurred

stop—stopped, trap—trapped,

plan— planned, admit –admitted ,

  1. 辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先把y变成i,再加-ed。

如:copy – copied ,carry—carried ,study—studied, , hurry—hurried, marry—married

二、不规则动词变化,大体上归纳如下:

  1. 某些以t结尾的词,过去式与原形相同。

如: cut-cut-cut let-let-let hit-hit-hit put-put-put cost-cost-cost hurt-hurt-hurt

  1. 以end结尾的词,把d变成t。如:bend—bent—bent, lend—lent—lent, send—sent—sent, spend—spent- spent
  2. 某些以n结尾的词,在词后加t。如:mean—meant, burn—burnt, learn—learnt
  3. eep结尾的去掉一个e在词尾加t,

如:keep—kept – kept , sleep—slept- slept, sweep – swept – swept; feel—felt – felt

  1. eed或eet结尾的去掉一个e

bleed – bled – bled 流血,feed – fed – fed 喂 meet – met – met 见 speed—sped–sped

  1. 单词中有a 则aught,无a则ought:

teach – taught – taught ; catch – caught – caught   口诀记忆:教书被抓

think – thought ;bring – brought – brought , buy—bought ; fight – fought 口诀记忆:想带来买(个)打架

  1. A——B——C型

(1)其元音字母变化为i→a→u

1.drink drank drunk (喝)  2. begin began  begun (开始)

  1. swim swam swum (游泳)4. ring rang rung (铃响)

(2)其元音字母变为i→o→变为en结尾   口诀:升起驾驶骑车写字

  1. rise rose risen (升)2. drive drove driven (驾驶)

3.ride(骑)—rode—ridden,                4. write(写)—wrote—written

(3)把中间的元音字母都变为o→变为en结尾  口诀:偷盗醒来结冰打破选择说忘记

break(打破)—broke—broken,  choose(选择)—chose—chosen,  freeze(结冰)—froze—frozen,

speak(说)—spoke—spoken,           forget(忘记)—forgot—forgotten,

steal(偷盗)—stole—stolen,        wake(醒来)—woke—woken

(3)其词尾变化为ow(aw)→ew→own(awn)   口诀: 长大后画画知道扔吹飞

  1. grow grew grown (成长)2.  draw drew     drawn (拖;拉)
  2. knowknewknown    (知道)  4. throw    threw   thrown (扔)

blow(刮风)—blew—blown,    throw(投)—threw—thrown,    fly(飞)—flew—flown。

过去式在元音字母上变化,而过去分词在原形的基础上加n

eat—ate– eaten ;     give –gave –given;        forbid –forbade—forbidden;

see—saw– seen;     shake—shook–shaken       take– took–taken

口诀:规则的撒谎,不规则的躺,躺过就下蛋,下蛋不规则。(3个单词)

lie (撒谎、说谎)—lied —lied ;lie(躺/平放/位于)—lay—lain ;lay (放置,产卵,下蛋)—laid —laid

一、将下列动词变成过去式。

look_______   watch_______   like______   hope______  decide______ plan______   stop_______

carry______    study______  play______  stay______    let______      put_______   read_______

catch _____  teach_____   buy______    bring______   think ______   sit_____     write______

drive_______  ring______ sink____run______     give_______    win _______  know ______

grow______   throw_______   draw _____  show_____     feel______    sleep_______  keep_____

sweep_____    meet_______

一般过去时的练习  I.用所给的动词的适当形式填空。

⒈He _____(visit) the Great Wall last year.

2.We________(have) a good time yesterday.

3.We often _______(go) to school by bus last year.

4.I ________(live)in the village when I was a child.

5.Mike______(see) a big tiger in the nature park last year.

6.Sam_____ (do) the housework yesterday.

7.______(do) you _______(enjoy) yourself yesterday?

8.______(do)you _________(play) the violin in the artroom yesterday? No, I didn’t. I_____(draw)some pictures there.

9.. I ______ (eat) a big pizza yesterday.

10.There____ (be) many sheep on the farm last year.

  1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.
  2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.
  3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)
  4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?
  5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

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