冠词专项练习题+答案解析

以下是冠词练习题,有答案,也有解析。都是中考真题,希望对大家有帮助。

1. (2014·江苏苏州·1)—What     cold weather it is in Harbin!
—Yes. It’s     unusual experience for us because we are used to living in the south.
A./;a B. a;a C./;an D. a;an
2. (2014·上海奉贤区·28)Hurry up! If we miss     last bus,we’ll have to get home by     taxi.
A. a;/ B. the;a C. the;/ D. a;a
3. (2014·江苏泰州 ·1)There is     8-year-old boy playing     Chinese chess with his friend in the classroom.
A. a;/ B. an;/ C. a;the D. an;the
4. (2014· 江苏扬州·1)—Have you seen     film coming home,directed by Zhang Yimou?
—Of course,I have never seen such     moving one.
A. the;an B./;a
C. the;a D./;an
5. (2014·江苏江阴·1)Although it seemed to be     painful experience,he still found it     fun.
A. a;/ B./;a C. a;the D. a;a
6. (2014·安徽合肥·31)He wrote         song,which turned out to be rather popular with     young.
A. a;a B. a;the C. the;a D./;the
7. (2014·内蒙古赤峰·31)—Where are the     students?
—They are playing football with     students from Hilltop School.
A. boys;/ B. boy;the
C. boy;/ D. boys;the
8. (2013·北京海淀)Peter is     honest boy and     good friend of mine.
A. a;the B. the;an C. a;an D. an;a
9. (2013·重庆)—How was     dinner at Mike’s house?
—It was great. Mike’s mum is     wonderful cook.
A. a;the B. the;a
C. the;the D. a;an
10. (2013·江西)On April 12,1961,     27-year-old Yuri Gagarin(尤里·加加林) became the first human to go into     space.
A. the;不填 B. the;the
C. a;不填 D. a;the
11. (2013·浙江杭州)There’s     apple on the table.     apple is for my little brother.
A. a;An B. an;An
C. the;An D. an;The
12. (2013·湖南长沙)There is     report in today’s newspaper. It’s about     meeting that will be held in our city.
A. a;the B. an;the
C. the;the D. a;a
13. (2013·上海)—Listen! Someone is playing     piano.
—Wow!     beautiful music! I like it very much.
A. a;what B. an;How
C. the;What D./;How
14. (2013·湖北)—Do you know     man standing there?
—I only know he’s from     European country.
A. a;an B. the;the
C. the;a D. a;the
15. (2013·广东汕头)—Did you get there by     bike?
—No,I took     taxi.
A. a;a B. 不填;a
C. the;the D. a;the
参考答案与解析
1. C 解析:考查零冠词和不定冠词的用法。故选C。weather是不可数名词,cold之前不用冠词。应答句中的形容词是元音音素开头,应该用不定冠词an。故选C。
2. C 解析:考查冠词的用法。从句中的bus是特指,应该用定冠词。“by bus(乘公共汽车)”是固定搭配。故选C。
3. B 解析:考查不定冠词和零冠词的用法。“一个8岁的男孩”应该用不定冠词an。“下象棋”名词前不用冠词。故选B。
4. C 解析:考查冠词的用法。“film”是特指,之前应该用定冠词 the。应答句中的moving是以辅音因素开头的,应该用不定冠词a。故选C。
5. A 解析:考查不定冠词和零冠词的用法。形容词“painful”是以辅音因素开头的,之前应该用不定冠词a。fun是不可数名词,之前不用冠词。故选A。
6. B 解析:考查冠词的用法。song是第一次提到,应该用不定冠词。young是形容词,之前加定冠词,成为名词,即名词化的形容词。故选B。
7. B 解析:考查名词所有格和冠词的用法。名词boy作定语时,用单数形式,应答句中的students是特指,之前应该用定冠词。故选B。
8. D 解析:考查冠词的用法。a用在以辅音(指辅音音素)开头的词前,an用在以元音(指元音音素)开头的词前。“honest”是以元音音素开头前面应用冠词an,“good”以辅音因素开头前面应用冠词a。句意:彼得是一个诚实的小男孩,并且他是我的好朋友之一。故选D。
9. B 解析:考查冠词的用法。定冠词the用在名词前表特指,不定冠词用在名词前表一类。问句是指麦克家的晚餐,故是特指;答语是说麦克的妈妈是一个极好的厨师,是泛指。 a用于辅音音素开头的词前,故选B。
10. A 解析:考查冠词的用法。由句意:在1961年4月12号,27岁的尤里·加加林成为进入太空的第一人。第一个空后的名词属于特指,应该用the,而space作“太空”时一般不用冠词。故选A。
11. D 解析:考查冠词的用法。泛指用不定冠词,apple是元音音素开头的用an;再次提到上文的人或物用定冠词the。故选D。
12. A 解析:考查冠词的用法。report为可数名词单数,这里表示“一”;这里的sports meeting是特指“在我们的城市举行的会议”,故用the。
13. C 解析:考查冠词的用法。在球类运动前,不加任何冠词;在乐器前必须加定冠词the,play the piano “弹钢琴”。第二空是感叹句,其中的music是不可数名词,所以用what来感叹,所以选C。
14. C 解析:考查冠词的用法。句意:你认识站在那里的那个男的吗?——我只知道他来自一个欧洲国家,第一个空后名词是特指,第二个空格是泛指,并且Europe是以辅音因素开头的名词。因此答案选C。
15. B 解析:考查冠词的用法。by直接加交通工具表示方式,take a taxi是固定词组。故选B。

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