形容词/副词比较级最高级变化形式

              形容词/副词比较级最高级变化形式

1 、一般情况下单音节或双音节形容词(或副词)比较级+er  最高级+est

clever-cleverer-cleverest      few-fewer-fewest     small-smaller-smallest

young-younger-youngest     tall-taller-tallest       long-longer longest

short-shorter-shortest    strong-stronger-strongest   warm-warmer-warmest

slow-slower-slowest         old-older-oldest              high-higher-highest

light-lighter-lightest         fast-faster-fastest           great—greater—greatest

cool-cooler-coolest       clean-cleaner-cleanest     cheap-cheaper-cheapest

quick-quicker-quickest

2、以不发音e结尾的单音节词,比较在原级后加-r,最高级在原级后加-st;

nice-nicer-nicest   late-later-latest  able-abler-ablest

brave-braver-bravest

cute-cuter-cutest     large-larger-largest   close-closer-closest(亲密的)

fine-finer-finest       white-whiter-whitest   free- freer-freest(免费的)

3、以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词, 把y改为i,比较级加-er,最高级加-est;

easy-easier-easiest      happy-happier-happiest         early-earlier-earliest

busy-busier-busiest      heavy-heavier-heaviest         dirty-dirtier-dirtiest

lazy-lazier-laziest        dry-drier-driest                pretty-prettier-prettiest

funny-funnier-funniest      healthy-healthier-healthiest

4、重读闭音节(即:辅音+元音+辅音)中,先双写末尾的辅音字母,比较级加-er,最高级加-est;

fat-fatter-fattest   thin-thinner-thinnest   hot-hotter-hottest

fit-fitter-fittest(合适的)   red-redder-reddest    wet-wetter-wettest

big-bigger-biggest         sad-sadder-saddest

5、其他双音节词和多音节词,比较级在前面加more,最高级在前面加most;

beautiful -more  beautiful - most beautiful

careful-more careful-most careful

intelligent-more intelligent-most intelligent

expensive  delicious(美味的)  popular(流行的)  important(重要的)  interesting(有趣的)  afraid(害怕)quickly(迅速地的) quietly (安静地)

6、 少数单音节词也这样

pleased-more pleased -most pleased

tired-more tried -most tired

7、少数不规则形容词、副词的比较级和最高级,必须熟记。

good/ well—better—best         little—less—least            bad/ill—worse—worst

old—older/elder—oldest/eldest    many/much—more—most

far—further/farther— furthest(表示距离)/farthest(表示程度)

特别提醒:

◇further不仅可以指“距离更远”,还可指“程度更深”。记住以下三个词组:further study(进修)further education(继续教育)   further information (进一步的信息)

◇elder仅用于同辈之间的排行,如: elder sister(姐姐)  elder brother (哥哥)

◇less作为“更少”仅用来修饰不可数名词,修饰可数名词表示“更少”要用fewer。

特别提醒:以形容前缀un构成的三音节形容词不适合上述情况,

如:unhappy-unhappier-unhappiest,  untidy-untidier-untidiest

◇以形容词+ly构成的副词要在前面加 more,most

如:Slowly-more slowly-most slowly   quickly-more quickly-most quickly

特别提醒:early -earlier-earliest

◇由ing分词和-ed分词演变过来的形容词(包括不规则动词如know→known)只能加more或most来表示它们的比较级和最高级。

interesting-more interesting -most interesting   excited-more excited -most exciting

tired-more tired  -most tired    boring-more boring -most boring

◇少数单音节词前面加 more, most 构成比较级和最高级,

这类形容词一般为表语形容词和由过去分词变成的形容词

afraid -more afraid, most afraid      tired – more tired , most tired

fond – more fond , most fond          glad -more glad , most glad

bored – more bored , most bored       pleased—- more pleased , most pleased

◇下列形容词和副词的比较级和最高级有两种形式,即:既可加-er/-est也可加more/most strict, often, friendly, clever

◇下列形容词和副词没有比较级和最高(即表示“最高程度”或“绝对状态”的形容词和副词没有比较级和最高级)如:empty, wrong, perfect, unique, extreme, excellent, favorite, true, right, correct, extremely …

Leave a Reply

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注