形容词副词比较级用法大全

◇比较应在同类事物之间进行。

误:Your English is better than me.

正:Your English is better than mine.

你的英语比我的(英语)好。

比较级前可以有一个表示程度的状语,最常见的三大修饰词是:a little, much, even。

My sister is a little taller than me.

我姐姐比我高一点。

Their house is much larger than ours.

他们的房间比我们的(房间)大。

另外,名词短语也可修饰比较级,说明程度。

I’m three years older than he.

我比他大三岁。

特别提醒:very, enough,quite, too不可修饰比较级,只能修饰原级

He is very clever.

他很聪明。

The dress is too small for me to wear.

这个裙子我穿着太小了。

He is clever enough to work out the problem.

他足够得聪明,能解出这个难题。

◇避免重复使用比较级。

误:He is more kinder to small animals than I.

正:He is much kinder to small animals than I.

他对动物比我(对动物)和善。

误:He is more cleverer than his brother.

正:He is cleverer than his brother.

他比他弟弟聪明。

◇比较要符合逻辑,在同一范围内比较时,避免将主语含在比较对象中,这时需使用other来排除自身。

误:China is larger that any country in Asia.

正:China is larger than any other country in Asia.

中国比亚洲的其它国家要大。

误:John studies harder than any student in his class.

正:John studies harder than any other student in his class.

正:John studies harder than any of the other students in his class.

正:John studies harder than anyone else in his class.

约翰是他们班级里最用功的学生。(三种表达法)

◇比较要遵循前后一致的原则,注意前后呼应。

The population of Shanghai is larger than that of Beijing.

上海的人口比北京多。

It is easier to make a plan than to carry it out.

制定计划比执行计划要容易。

◇序数词通常只修饰最高级。

Africa is the second largest continent.

南非是第二大陆。

The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.

黄河是中国第二大长河。

This is the third most popular song of Michael Jackson.

这是迈克尔.杰克逊第三流行的歌。

◇后置定语为 of 引起的介词短语,则通常用 that

误:In winter, the weather of Beijing is colder than it of Shanghai.

正:In winter, the weather of Beijing is colder than that of Shanghai.

冬天,北京的天气比上海的天气冷。

◇“否定词 + 比较级”相当于最高级。

—-I couldn’t agree more. The idea sounds great to me.

我完全同意你。这个主意听起来对我来说很重要。

Nothing is so easy as this. =Nothing is easier than this. =This is the easiest thing.

没有什么事情比这个更难了。(这个是最难的)

◇比较级前一般不加冠词。但表示两者中较突出者,且比较级后又有名词或出现了

of the two,这时比较级前一定要加the。

He is the taller of the two.

他是两个人之中高的一个。

Of the two jobs,he chose the harder.

在这两个工作中,他选择难一些的。

Which is the younger one, Lily or Lucy?

哪一个更年轻,莉莉还是露西?

试比较:

Which is larger, Canada or Australia?

加拿大,澳大利大哪一个(领土面积)大?

Which is the larger country, Canada or Australia?

加拿大,澳大利亚,哪一个(领土面积)大?

She is taller than her two sisters.

她比她两个妹妹要高。

She is the taller of the two sisters.

她是他们两个姐妹中高的一个。

◇不含than 的比较级前可加不定冠词修饰,构成“a/an+比较级+单数可数名词”表示“一个更……的人/物”。

Why don’t you use a sharper knife?

你为什么不用一把更锋利的刀呢?

◇比较级than 后应用人称代词的主格,但非正式语体中常用宾格。

He is taller than I/me.

他比我高。

◇为避免重复,比较级中同样的动词用助动词do, does, did替代。

I spend less time doing homework than John does.

我比约翰花费在做作业上的时间少。

She tells more funny jokes than we do.

她讲的有趣笑话比我们(讲的)多。

◇形容词most前面没有the,不表示最高级的含义,只表示“非常”。

It is a most important problem.=It is a very important problem.

他是很重要的问题。

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