定语从句中的(关系词)引导词分类

定语从句中的(关系词)引导词分类

定语从句中的(关系词)引导词分类

  • 定语从句缺主语、宾语、表语和定语时用关系词中的关系代词
  • 定语从句缺状语时用关系词中的关系副词

3.某些情况下可以省略引导词,但我们初学就不要省略。

定语从句中的(关系词)引导词分类
定语从句中的(关系词)引导词分类
  • 当who做主语时,定语从句用who开头 。
    当who做宾语时,并且没有介词提前,这时可以用who 也可以用whom。
    当who做宾语时,并且定语从句有介词提前,比如The person with (  )I talked was my teacher。这时只能用whom,因为with 是介词,这是介宾短语,只能用宾格形式。
  1. 介词一旦前置,则关系代词要用宾格(原来是that的要改为which,原来用who的改为whom.)
  2. Do you see the housewindow are all broken?

Whose windows=the windows of which=of which the windows

五.实例演练

Do you know the girl         is talking with our teacher?

The house       window was broken is near the school.

The movie           I saw yesterday is fantastic.

The man         T-shirt is red is my neighbor.

I will never forget the day        Tu Youyou,a great scientist,came to our university and gave us a speech.

翻译: 我愿变成你爱的那个天使。                             

我所能想对你说的全部就只是一句:好久不见                               

I have found the book in which/      the names of all the early satellites are mentioned.

The earth on which/       we live is a planet.

I”ll never forget the day on which/      I joined the League.

Is there any reason for which/       you should have a holiday?

技巧:先找出句子中的动词,以动词为中心判断主从句,接着找出先行词是人/物,再根据定语从句缺的成分是定语、表语、主语、宾语还是状语来选择引导词。

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