状语从句、定语从句和强调句式专项练习题+有答案解析

语法专练:状语从句、定语从句和强调句式

  1. 单句语法填空
  2. Green is a teacher with rich teaching experience, from much can be learned.
  3. The little problems we meet in our daily lives may be inspirations for great inventions.
  4. Watch out! Don’t get close to the house  roof is under repair.
  5. 4. I will never forget the day on we went to buy guitars in a musical instrument shop.
  6. 5. Her performances on the stage were perfect, made a lot of people admire her.
  7. 6. We can hear birds singing happily all around.Everybody sleeps in tents,  is very exciting.
  8. my mother loves me very much, she is very strict with me.
  9. 8. You should make it a rule to leave things ____________ you can find them again.
  10. Everyone has periods in their lives everything seems very hard,nobody to talk to and the mood is just getting worse and worse.
  11. If you don’t understand something, you may research, study, and talk to other people _______ you figure it out.
  12. 11. It is only by listening to and understanding each other problems between parents and children can be settled.
  13. 12. It was not until twelve o’clock last night I went to bed.
  14. 语法填空

A

One day an old woman was traveling alone in the mountains. Suddenly she saw something   1     in the stream. When she came close, she found it was a precious stone. She put    2    stone into her bag and went on with her trip.

The next day the old woman met a young man,    3    was also a traveler in the mountains. The young man looked very hungry, so the old woman opened her bag    4    (share) her food. The hungry traveler saw the precious stone and asked carefully, “The stone is beautiful. Would you like to give it to me?”

“Sure. Why not?” the woman said, and handed the stone to him.

The young man left    5   (happy) with the stone. He knew it was worth enough to give him security for a lifetime.     6   a few days later he came back to return the stone to the woman.

“I’ve been thinking,” he said. “I know how   7   (value) the stone is, but I give it back and hope that you can give me something even more precious. Give me    8   you have within your bag.”

The woman opened her bag. It was almost empty. She looked at the young man and     9  (smile), “I have nothing special in my bag, but I do have something precious — the joy of giving!”

The young man felt ashamed and left    10   (silence).

B

Every summer hundreds of international students come to get   1     taste of the United States. In the summer of 2014 about 20 students from Singapore gets a chance     2    ( learn) more about American culture and Central New York. They gathered at Jamesville-DeWitt High School Wednesday to talk   3   local teens. The gathering is a part of a two week program   4   (offer) by the Maxwell School at Syracuse University. The Singapore students  5   have competed for a chance to come to U.S. will learn about American   6    ( social ), public affairs, public policy, and much more. The program gave both sets of students the chance to learn that   67   heir cultures are different in many ways, there are also a lot of   8    (similar). “There are many things that we have   9  common. We may have different structures and ways of going about it, but some of the goals and values of a democracy pretty agree with the things we do,” said Maxwell School Professor David Van Slyke.   10  is reported that the program will come to an end this Thursday and the students will return home.

语法专练:状语从句、定语从句和强调句式答案

  1. 单句填空
  2. whom 考查定语从句 句意为:格林老师有丰富的教学经验,从他身上我们可以学到很多东西。 Whom在定语从句中作介词宾语。
  3. which/that 考查定语从句  句意为:我们在日常生活中遇到的一些小问题都有可能成为伟大发明的灵感。 which/that引导定语从句,并在从句中做宾语。

3 whose 考查定语从句  句意为:当心!不要靠近那所正在维修屋顶的房子。Whose 引导定语从句,并在从句中做定语。

  1. 4. which 考查定语从句。句意为:我永远也忘不了去乐器店买吉他的那一天。定语从句中介词的宾语指物用which,本句中on which=when。
  2. 5. which 考查定语从句句意为:她在舞台上的表演完美无瑕,这令很多人羡慕不已。 which引导非限制性定语从句修饰前面整句话内容。
  3. 6. Which考查定语从句 句意为:我们可以听到四周鸟儿在欢唱。每个人都睡在帐篷里,这一切令人很兴奋。第二句逗号后为非限制性定语从句,先行词是前面整个句子,应用which引导。
  4. 7. Although/While考查状语从句 句意为:尽管母亲很爱我,但是她对我非常严厉。Although/While此处引导让步状语从句。
  5. 8. where 考查状语从句句意为:你应该定一个规矩,把东西放在你能再找到它们的地方。由句子结构及句意可知,where引导地点状语从句。
  6. when 考查定语从句句意为:每一个人在生活当中,都有这样的时期:一切事都是那么不顺心,没有人可以交流,心绪变得越来越糟糕。when引导定语从句修饰先行词periods并在从句中作时间状语。
  7. until  考查状语从句句意为:如果你不理解一些事情,你可以去研究,去学习,去和他人交谈,直到弄懂为止。Until 引导时间状语从句。
  8. 11. that考查强调句式 句意为:只有通过倾听和相互理解,孩子和父母之间的问题才可能被解决。此处为强调句式,强调方式状语。
  9. 12. that 考查强调句式句意为:昨天晚上我一直到十二点才睡。此句为含有not until… 的强调句式,应填that。
  10. 语法填空

A

语篇解读  本文是一篇记叙文。一位老妇人在旅途中捡到一块宝石,途中遇到一位年轻人并把宝石赠给了年轻人。几天后,年轻人又想用宝石换取她口袋里更宝贵的东西。老夫人告诉年轻人,只有给予别人所获取的快乐才是她剩下的最宝贵的东西。年轻人听了羞愧地走了。

  1. shining  考查非谓语动词 shining此处作宾语补足语。
  2. the   考查冠词名词前用定冠词the特指上文提到的人或物,因此填the.
  3. who  考查定语从句who引导非限制性定语从句,代指young man 并在从句中做主语。
  4. to share考查非谓语动词根据句意此处为不定式短语做目的状语。
  5. happily考查形容词副词根据句意此处应用副词形式。
  6. But  考查连词根据句意可知此处应为转折关系,故填but.
  7. valuable 考查词性转换根据句意此处应为形容词形式,value的形容词形式为valuable.
  8. what 考查宾语从句what引导宾语从句,并在从句中充当宾语。
  9. smiled考查动词时态根据上下文语境可知此处应用一般过去式。
  10. silently 考查词性转换根据句意可知此处应用副词修饰动词left,silence为名词形式,其形容词形式为silent, silently为副词形式。

B

语篇解读 每年夏天,数百名国际交换生来美国体验美国生活文化。2014的夏天,来自新加坡的大约20名学生聚集在詹姆斯维尔德威特高中和当地的青少年交谈。他们将有机会学习更多美国文化和纽约中部的知识。这次聚会是雪城大学麦斯威尔学院为期两周的节目的一部分。

  1. 1.a 考查冠词get a taste of 体验,品尝…的滋味。taste 前应用不定冠词
  2. to learn  考查非谓语动词根据句意此处为不定式短语做后置定语,修饰a chance.
  3. with  考查介词talk with… 和……交谈。
  4. offered  考查非谓语动词根据句意此处offered为过去分词做后置定语,修饰program.
  5. who/that  考查定语从句who/that引导定语从句修饰先行词students,并在从句中充当主语。
  6. society  考查词性转换根据句意此处应用名词形式,social 的名词形式为society.
  7. although  考查状语从句although 引导让步状语从句,尽管他们之间的文化在很多方面存在差异,但是仍有很多相似之处。
  8. similarities   考查词性转换解析同上。
  9. in  考查介词have…in common 为固定短语,有……共同之处。

10 It 考查代词 It is reported that…, 据报道……。

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