名词性从句的两大难点

名词性从句的两大难点

  • wh-ever 与no matter +疑问词的用法区别

wh-ever既可以引导名词性从句,也可以引导让步状语从句;而no matter +疑问词只能引导让步状语从句。如:

Whatever I said, he wouldn’t listen to me.

=No matter what I said, he wouldn’t listen to me.

He would believe whatever I said.

  • doubt 与sure 后的名词性从句

doubt用于肯定句时,后用whether 或if 引导的宾语从句;用于否定句或疑问句时,后用that 引导的宾语从句。Sure用于肯定句时,后接that引导的宾语从句;用于否定句时,后接whether/if引导的宾语从句。如:

We doubt whether they can complete the work ahead of time.

He didn’t doubt that they would give him another chance to have a try.

I’m not sure whether he is innocent. 我不确信他是否是无辜的。

I’m sure that exercise is a good way of losing weight.

即学即练:

  1. The question is ________ we will have our sports meet next week.
  2. that         B. if            C. when         D. whether

2.The reason why he failed is ________he was too careless.

  1. because     B. that          C. for           D. because of
  2. Go and get your coat. It’ s ________you left it.
  3. where     B. there         C. there where    D. where there

4.The problem is _________to take the place of Ted.

  1. who can we get B. what we can get C. who we can get D. that we can get
  2. What I want to know is ______ he likes the gift given by us.
  3. that     B. if      C. whether     D.不填
  4. The reason is_________I missed the bus.
  5. that           B. when          C. why          D. what
  6. That is we were late last time.
  7. that         B. when        C. why      D. what
  8. The truthis ________ we will have our sports meet next week.
  9. that         B. if            C. when         D. whether
  10. —I fell sick!

—I think it is _______ you are doing too much.

  1. why        B. when        C. what        D. because
  2. The reason why he hasn’t come is ___________.
  3. because his mother is ill            B. because of his mother’s being ill
  4. that his mother is ill               D. for his mother is ill
  5. —He was born here.

—That is _______ he likes the place so much.
A. that             B. what           C. why          D. how
12.That is ______ Lu Xun once lived.
A. what             B. where         C. that           D. why

答案DBACCACADCCB

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