定语从句中的省略现象

定语从句中的省略  

(1) 一般说来,在限制性定语从句中,作宾语的关系代词 that ,which , whom 可以省略;如:(2002上海春季)Is this reason (that) he explained at the meeting for his carelessness in his work?
这就是他在会上解释他工作中粗心的原因吗? 而在非限制性定语从句中作宾语的关系代词   which , whom 不可以省略。
试比较:
Tom (whom) you saw yesterday fell ill.( whom可以省) 你昨天见到的汤姆病倒了。Tom , whom you saw yesterday ,fell ill. ( whom不可以省) 汤姆病倒了,你昨天见到他了。
(2)在口语和非正式用语中,关系副词when ,where , 和 why  经常用that 来代替,甚至还可省略。
如:
①This is the first time (when/that)he had trouble with the boss.
这是他第一次麻烦老板
② He wants to find a good place (where/that) we can have a picnic during the “golden week ”holiday .
他想找一个能在黄金周期间野餐的好地方。
③ Could you tell us the reason (why/that)he was so unhappy ?
你能告诉我们他为什么如此不高兴吗?
(3)当先行词为表示方式的 the  way  时 ,从句不能用 how 来引导 ,应该用that  或 in which ,或将它们全部省略。
如: I don’t  like the way (that/in which) you laugh at her.我不喜欢你嘲笑他的行为。

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