特殊的从属连词用法 超级重要

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特殊的从属连词

1、分词转化的连词:considering(考虑到、鉴于)given(考虑到)provided / providing(只要、如果)seeing既然、考虑到)supposing(假如)

Considering he’s only been learning English a year, he speaks it very well.

鉴于他才学了一年英语,他的英语讲得算是很不错的。

Given that they are inexperienced, they’ve done a good job.

考虑到他们没有经验,他们已经是干得很好的了。

She never minds helping anyone who has nowhere to sleep, provided he’s reasonable.

任何找不到住处的人,只要他们为人正派,她就乐于帮助。

Seeing he refused to help us, there’s no reason why we should now help him.

既然他不肯帮助我们,那我们现在也不必非得去帮助他。

Supposing white were black,you would be right.假如白色都能变成黑色,那你就是对的了。

2、动词转化为连词:save that(只是),suppose(假定)。

I agree with you, save that you have got one or two facts wrong.

我同意你的意见,只是你有一两处地方弄错了。

Supposing they did not believe him what would they do to him?

如果他们不相信他的话,他们会把他怎样呢?

3、副词转化为连词:directly(一就),immediately(一就),instantly(一就),now that(既然),once(一…旦就)等。

Directly the teacher came in, everyone was quiet.老师一走进来,大家就安静下来了。

I left, immediately the clock struck twelve.钟刚敲12点,我就离开了。

He set off,instantly he heard the news.他一听到这个消息就出发了。

Now(that) you have the chance, you had better make good use of it.

既然有此机会,就该好好利用它一下。(如用过去时态,则一般用now that)

Once you begin, you mustn’t stop.一旦开始,就不要停下来了。

4、名词短语用作连词: any moment(无论何时…),the day(当天就…时),each time(每次…时),every time(每当…时),the instant(一…就),the minute(一…就…),the moment(一…就…),next time(下次…时),the way(正如…的样子)。

Come and see us any moment you can. 什么时候得空请来看看我们。

He called on her the day he arrived.  他到的当天就去看望了她。

Each time we call on him, he is reading. 每次我们去看他,他都在看书。

She smiles every time she sees me.  她见到我时总是面带微笑。

I told you the instant I heard the news.  我一听说那个消息马上就通知了你。

We will leave the minute you’re ready.  你准备好我们就走。

The moment he spoke we recognized his voice.  他刚一开口我们就听出他的声音了。

I’m going to see him next time he comes here.  下次他来时我一定要会会他。

They didn’t do it the way we do now.   他们当时的做法和我们现在的做法不同。

–Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?  你记得还欠玛丽的钱了吗?

–Yes. I gave it to her the moment I saw her.  记着了。我一看见她就还给她了。

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