反义疑问句中附加疑问句主语的选择

附加疑问句

(一)主语的选择

1.陈述部分的主语是I,疑问部分要用 aren’t I.

I’m as tall as your sister, aren’t I?

注:当陈述部分的主语是I,而句子又用来征询对方的意见时,附加疑问句中的主语用you。如:

I find English very interesting, don’t you?

I don’t like that film, do you?

2.当陈述部分的主语是everybody, everyone, someone, nobody, no one, somebody等合成代词时,附加疑问句中的主语通常用they,亦可用he,如:

Somebody phoned while I was out, didn’t they?

Everyone enjoyed the party, didn’t they?

Nobody wants to go there, does he?

3.当陈述部分的主语是不定代词everything, nothing, anything, something时,附加疑问句中的主语一般用it,如:

Everything seems all right now, doesn’t it?

Nothing is kept in good order, is it?

Something must be done to stop pollution, isn’t it?

4.当陈述部分的主语是指示代词this, that或these, those时,附加疑问句中的主语分别用it和they,如:

This is important, isn’t it?

That isn’t correct, is it?

These are your friends Tom and Jack, aren’t they?

5.如果陈述部分是以代词one作主语,附加疑问句中的主语在正式场合用one,非正式场合下可以用you或he,如:

One can’t be too careful, can one?或can you?

One should do his duty, shouldn’t he?

6.当陈述句为there be结构时,附加疑问句中的主语也用there。如:

There’s no help for it, is there?

There’s something wrong, isn’t there?

7.当陈述部分为主从复合句时,附加疑问部分一般应与主句的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系。如:

She says that I did it, doesn’t she?

I told them not everybody could do it ,didn’t I?

但当陈述部分的主语是I,谓语是think, believe, suppose, expect这类动词时,附加疑问部分则往往与从句中的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系,但要注意否定的转移。

I suppose that he’s serious isn’t he?

I don’t think she cares, does she?

8.当陈述部分是并列句,附加疑问句则需和就近的分句的主语和谓语一致。如:

Xiao Lin has been writing letters all afternoon but he should finish them now, shouldn’t he?

9.在由“祈使句+附加疑问”构成的附加疑问句中,附加疑问部分的主语一般用you。如:

Don’t open the door, will you?

Give me some cigarettes, can you?

Take a rest, why don’t you?

但以let’s开头的祈使句,附加疑问部分用shall we;以let us开头的祈使句,如果含义是allow us,不包括听话人在内,疑问部分用will you。如:

Let’s have a basketball match this afternoon, shall we?

Let us go out for a rest, will you?

10.陈述句子中的主语为动词不定式短语、动名词短语或其他短语时,疑问部分的主语通常用it。如:

Learning how to repair motors takes a long time, doesn’t it?

Between six and seven will suit you, won’t it?

Where to hold the meeting has not been decided, has it?

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