反义疑问句中附加疑问句谓语动词的选择

(二)谓语动词的选择

1.当陈述部分带有情态动词must表示“必须”时,疑问部分用mustn’t。如:

You must work hard next term, mustn’t you?

I must answer the letter, mustn’t I?

但若表推测这层含义时,不能用must,而要根据陈述部分的不定式结构(即must之后的动词)以及含义采用相应的动词形式。如:

You must have made a mistake, haven’t you?

They must have seen the film last week, didn’t they?

He must be in the library, isn’t he?

2.当陈述部分含有used to时,疑问部分可用usedn’t或didn’t。如:

The old man used to smoke, didn’t /usedn’t he?

Tom used to live here, usedn’t /didn’t he?

3.当陈述部分带有情态动词ought to时,疑问部分用oughtn’t或shouldn’t。如:

He ought to know the answer, oughtn’t he?

We ought to read this book, oughtn’t/ shouldn’t we?

4.当陈述部分含有情态动词dare或need时,疑问部分常用 need /dare +主语。

We need not do it again, need we ?

He dare not say so, dare you?

但当dare, need 为实义动词时,疑问部分用助动词do + 主语。

She doesn’t dare to go home alone, does she?

5.当陈述部分含有had better时,疑问部分用hadn’t。 如:

You’d better finish your homework now, hadn’t you?

6.感叹句后的附加疑问句的谓语动词需用be的现在时,且常用否定形式。如:

What a clever boy, isn’t he?

What a lovely day, isn’t it?

7.陈述句中的谓语动词是wish,表示愿望时,附加疑问句用may,且用肯定形式。如:

I wish to have a chance to learn English, may I?

8.当陈述部分带有表示“所有”含义的动词have(has)时,疑问部分既可用have形式,也可用do形式。如:

You have a new bike, haven’t you(或don’t you)?

She doesn’t have any money in her pocket, does she?

9.陈述部分有have to +v. (had to + v.),疑问部分常用don’t +主语(didn’t +主语)。如:

We have to get there at eight tomorrow, don’t we?

10.陈述部分有would rather +v.,疑问部分多用 wouldn’t +主语。如:

He would rather read it ten times than recite it, wouldn’t he?

11.陈述部分有You’d like to +v. 疑问部分用wouldn’t +主语。如:

You’d like to go with me, wouldn’t you?

12. 陈述部分由neither… nor, either… or 连接的并列主语时,疑问部分根据其实际逻辑意义而定。

Neither you nor I am engineer, are we?

13.在口语和非正式文体中,为了加强语气,只是表示某种惊奇、怀疑、反感、讽刺等感情而并不是为了寻求回答,这时前后两部分的肯定、否定是一致的。如:

Oh, he is a writer, is he?

You’ll not go, won’t you?

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