直接引语变成间接引语时,从句时态无须改变的情况有哪些

直接引语变成间接引语时,从句时态无须改变的情况

1)当主句的谓语动词是一般现在时的时候,如:

He always says, “I am tired out.” ——>He always says that he is tired out.

2)当主句的谓语动词是将来时的时候,如:

He will say, “I’ll try my best to help you.” ——>He will say that he will try his best to help me.

3)当直接引语部分带有具体的过去时间状语时,如:

He said, “I went to college in 1994.” ——>He told us that he went to college in 1994.

4)当直接引语中有以when, while引导的从句,表示过去的时间时,如:

He said,“When I was a child, I usually played football after school.” ——>

He said that when he was a child, he usually played football after school.

5)当直接引语是客观真理或自然现象时,如:

Our teacher said to us, “Light travels faster than sound.” ——>

Our teacher told us that light travels faster than sound.

6)当引语是谚语、格言时,如:

He said,“Practice makes perfect.” ——>He said that practice makes perfect.

7)当直接引语中有情态动词should, would, could, had better, would rather, might, must, ought to, used to, need时,如:

例如:

The doctor said, “You’d better drink plenty of water.” ——>

The doctor said I’d better drink plenty of water.

He said, “She must be a teacher.”——> He said that she must be a teacher.

He said, “She ought to have arrived her office by now.”——>

He said that she ought to have arrived her office by then.

The teacher said, “You needn’t hand in your compositions today.”——>

The teacher said we needn’t/didn’t need to/didn’t have to hand in our compositions.

She asked, “Must I take the medicine?”——> She asked if she had to take the medicine.

〔注〕:此处用had to代替must更好

Teacher: You may have the ball game this afternoon.

Student : What did the teacher say, Monitor?

Monitor: He said we might have the ball game this afternoon.

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