by的用法归纳及常见短语

by这个介词大家一点也不陌生,几乎天天做题天天都能遇到,今天52yufa给大家归纳一下:

Don’t read word by word. Read word groups. 不要逐字逐字地读,按词组阅读。

◆by+v.-ing结构,意为“通过……,以……的方式”。如:

He makes a living by selling newspapers.他以卖报为生。

◆by+地点名词,意为“在……旁;靠近”。如:

Our teacher was sitting by the window.我们的老师正坐在窗户旁边。

◆by+人称代词宾格,意为“经过”。如:

He walked by me without saying a word.他走过我的身旁,没有说话。

◆by+时间点,意为“不迟于”。如:

I shall be back by 5 o’clock. 我最迟五点回来。

◆by+人,意为“被;由”。如:

The movie is loved by people all over Asia.那个电影被全亚洲人喜爱。

◆by+交通工具,意为“乘;用”。如:

Some day we may travel by spaceship.有一天我们可能乘坐宇宙飞船旅行。

◆by的常用短语

Study by heart用心学;

little by little渐渐地;

one by one逐一;

by chance碰巧,偶然

By the river在河边;

by mistake错误地;

by nature天生的;

by oneself亲自

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