什么是补语

补语(complement): 补语用于说明主语或宾语。分别称为宾语补足语和主语补足语。补语例句如下:

He thinks the girl beautiful.

The doctor advised her to have a good rest.

You should get on the plane in turn.

★若动词宾语较长,通常用it做形式宾语代替其位置,而将其移至宾语补足语之后:

I found it difficult to finish the task in time.

We have made it clear that we disagreed.

★主语补足语:含宾语补足语的句子在转换成被动语态后,原有的宾语和宾语补足语就变为主语和主语补足语。

We found him working in the officeHe was found working in the office.

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