名词复数的规则变化

名词复数的规则变化

词尾 变化方法 例词
一般情况 加-s bird-birds, shop-shops, lake-lakes
s, x, z, sh, ch 加-es church-churches, dish-dishes, class-classes, box-boxes, quiz-quizzes
辅音字母+y 变y为i再加es factory-factories, fly-flies, family-families, baby-babies
o 加-es tomato-tomatoes, hero-heroes, potato-potatoes, Negro-Negroes, mosquito-mosquitoes, echo-echoes
-f或-fe 变-f或-fe为v

再加es

leaf-leaves, thief- thieves, shelf-shelves, knife-knives, life-lives, haf-halves, loaf-loaves, self-selves, wolf-wolves, calf-calves, wife-wives

★有些以-f或-fe结尾的名词复数只加-s,读作/s/。

belief–beliefs   cliff–cliffs   gulf–gulfs   proof–proofs   reef–reefs   chief–chiefs   roof—roofs

★有些以-y结尾的专有名词的复数直接加-s。

Henry—Henrys   boy—boys

★有些以辅音字母+o结尾的名词复数直接加-s。

piano—pianos   photo-photos   memo—menos   solo—solos

以-oo或元音字母加-o为结尾的词也只加-s。

bamboo–bamboos   radio—radios   ratio—ratios   studio—studios   zoo—zoos   video—videos   kangaroo—kangaroos  cuckoo—cuckoos

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