动名词作定语的用法

动名词作定语,一般表示用途。如:

a waiting room,a diving board,a reading room,a dining hall

there are a lot of swimming pools in the city.

注:(1)现在分词作定语表动作,它与所修饰的名词之间存在逻辑上的主谓关系,可改写成一个定语从句。

如果为单词,放在被修饰n之前,为短语,放在被修饰n之后。

如:a sleeping boy =a boy who is sleeping

a developing country =a country which is developing

(2)动名词作定语通常表示它所修饰的名词的用途或性质,可改写成一个for的短语,两者不存在逻辑上的主谓关系。

如:a washing machine = a mashine for washing

a swimming pool = a pool for swimming

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