分词的时态如何确定

分词的时态

  • 与主语动词同时。如:

Arriving there, they found the boy dead.刚一到那儿,他们就发现那男孩死了。

The secretary worked late into the night, ______ a long speech for the president.

A  to prepare      B  preparing      C  prepared      D  was preparing

答案:B

  • 先于主语动词

分词作时间状语,如果先于主动词的动作,且强调先后,要用having done。如:

Having finished his homework, he went out for a walk.

After he had finished his homework, he went out for a walk.

做完作业,他出去散步。

______ a reply, he decided to write again.

A  Not receiving                  B  Receiving not

C  Not having received            D  Having not received

答案:C

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