高中英语语法:冠词强化练习+答案解析(可打印)

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冠词强化练习+答案解析(下载地址)

(  ) 1.______recent report stated that the number of Spanish speakers in the U.S .would be higher than the number of English speaker by_____ year 2090.

  1. A, the  B. A, /  C. The ,/  D. The, a

(  ) 2.If you go by ______train ,you can have quite a comfortable  journey ,but make sure you get _____fast one.

  1. /, /   B./, a  C. the, a  D./,/

(  ) 3. It is often said that ____teachers have _______very easy life.

A /,/     B. /,a     C. the,/   D. the, a

(  ) 4.I can’t remember when exactly the Robinsons left _____city ,I only remember it was ______ Monday.。

  1. the , the  B. a ,the C. a, a D. the, a

(   ) 5.If you grow up in ______large family ,you are more likely to develop _____ability to get on well with ______others .

  1. /,an the B. a, the ,/ C. the ,an ,the D. a, the ,the

(   ) 6.Mrs ,Taylor has ___8-year-old daughter who has _____gift for painting –she  has won two national prizes.

  1. a,  a  B. an ,the  C. an ,a  D. th

(  )7.Afetr dinner he gave Mr. Richardson ________ride to ________Capital Airport.

A .the, a  B. a  the C. /, a  D. /, the

(  )8.On May 5,2005,at ___World Table Tennis Championship ,Kong Ling hui and WangHao

won the gold medal in men’s with ____score of 4:1.

  1. a ,a  B. / the C. a ,/  D. the ,a

(  )9.I knew  ______John Lennon ,but not ____famous one.

  1. /,a  B. a ,the C. /,the  D. the, a

(  )10.The book tells ____life story of John Smith ,who left _______school and worked for a  newspaper at the age of 16.

  1. the, the B. a , the  C. the./ D. a,/

(  )11.When you come here for your holiday next time, don’t go to _____hotel ; I can find you ______bed in my flat.

  1. the ,a  B. the,/ C. a ,the D. a,/

(  )12.If you buy more than ten, they will knock20pence off________.

  1. a price B. price   C. the price D. prices

(  )13.____on-going division between English –speaking Canadians and French-speaking Canadians is _______major concern of the country.

  1. The ,/  B. The ,a  C. An ,the  D. An,/

(  )14.When he left _____college ,he got a job as ______reporter in a newspaper office .

  1. /, a   B /, the  C .a the D .the, the

(  )15The most important thing about cotton in history is ___part that it played in ____Industrial Revolution.

  1. /,/  B. the,/ C. the , the D. a ,the

(  )16.While he was investigating ways t improve the telescope Newton made _______discovery which completely changed ____ man’s understanding of color.

  1. a ,/  B. a ,the  C. /, the D. the ,a

(  )17.It is ___world of wonders, _____world where anything can happen.

  1. a. the B. a, a C. the, a D. /,/

(  )18.The Wilsons live in ______A-shaped house near the coast . It is _______17th century cottage.

  1. the, /  B. an, the  C. /, the D. an ,a

 

(  )19.Tom owns ______larger collection of ______books than any other student in our class.

  1. the ,/ B. a,/ C. a ,the  D. /, the

(  )20.For a long time they walked without saying ___word .Jim was the first t break _____silence.

  1. the,  a  B. a ,the  C. a ,/ D. the,/

(  )21.There was ____time _____I hated t go to school.

  1. a ,that  B. a ,when  C. the ,that D. the ,when

(  )22.When you finish reading the book ,you will have ______better understanding of ______life.,

  1. a,  the  B. the .a  C. /,the  D.a,/

( )23.I earn 10dollars ____hours as ____supermarket cashier on Saturday.

  1. a,  an  B. the ,a C. an ,a  D . an ,the

(  )24The sign reads “in ease of___fire ,break the glass and push _____red button”

  1. /,a   B. /,the  C. the ,the  D. a ,a

(  )25.I don’t like talking on ______telephone ; I prefer writing ____letter.

  1. a,  the  B. the./  C. the ,the  D. A ,/

(  )26.Jumping out of ____airplane at ten thousand feet is quite _____exciting experience.

  1. /, the   B. /, an  C. an. an D. the, the

(  )27.One way to understand thousands of new words in gain _____good knowledge of basic word formation.

  1. /  B  the  C. a  D. one

(  )28.The cakes are delicious . He’d like have ______third one because _____second one is rather too small.

  1. a, a  B. the .the  C. a ,the D. the ,a

(  )29.A bullet hit the solider and he was wounded in ____leg.

  1. a   B .one   C. the  D. his

(   )30.The warmth of _____sweater will of course be determined by the sort of ___wool  used.

  1. the, the  B. the ,/  C. /, the  D. /,/

参考答案

1.A   report 可数名词, a recent report 一份近来的报告  ,是泛指;第二个空填the 表特指示2090年。

2.B. by train 乘火车,by 在接交通工具类的同时,一般不接冠词,如by bike , by ship ; 根据句意第二个空应该是泛指。

3.B. teachers 此处用名词复数表泛指,指一切老师;have a …… life 相当于live /lead a……life 过一种、、、、、、样的生活

4.D. leave the city  离开这座城市。a Monday 一个星期一,表泛指。

5.B. a large family 一个大家庭; the ability此处表泛指“与别人相处好的能力”; others其他人表泛指。

6.C. have a gift for …有做、、、的天赋,相当于have a talent for.

7.B. give sb. a ride 让某人搭车,此处ride 是可数名词,表示“搭车”。

8.D. the World Table Tennis Championship是专有名词,由普通名词构成的专有名词,一般前面要加the;with  a score of ……比分是……

9.B. a John Lennon 一个叫做John Lennon的人,表泛指。

  1. C  leave school 毕业

11.A. go to the hotel 去旅店 ;a bed 此处表泛指,“一个地方”

12.C. the price 此处表特指,“原价”。

13.B.此句的意思是:在讲英语的加拿大人和讲法语的加拿大人之间的那种逐渐增长的分歧是这个国家一个主要担心的问题。第一个空用the 表特指;第二个空用a表泛指,泛指主要是担心问题中的一个。

14.A. leave college 大学毕业

15.C.the part 特指在工业革命避所起的作用;the Industrial Revolution工业革命

16.A,make a discovery 有了一个发现;man’s understanding of color人类对于颜色的理解,在物主代词,名词所有格前,一般不用加冠词,man 用单数形式,前面不加冠词,可以表示“人类”。

17B. a world of wonders 一个充满奇迹的世界;第二个空a world 是前面的同位语,因此还依然用a表泛指

18.D.第一个空填an 表泛指类别。“一个A字型的小屋里”根据句意第二个句子应是对上文an shaped house 起同位语的用,进一步解释说明,所以还用a 表泛指类别。

19.B. a large collection of … 一个较大的收集……books 用复数  此处表泛指。

20.B.saying a word ,此处a word 指“一个字”;the silence 表特指此时此刻的“沉默”

21.B. a time 表示一段时间,when 引导定语从句修饰a time.

22.D.have a better understanding of ……对、、、、、有一种更好的理解。

23.D. an hour 表示“每小时”;后一空中的a表示“一个”

24.B.句中fire为不可数名词,前面不用冠词,表示类别;而the red button用于特指,区别于其他的按纽。

25.B. on the telephone 为固定用法,而第二个空中的letters 表示类别;

26.C. airplane 为可数名词,an airplane 表示泛指,而此处的experience表示“经历”,为可数名词,an exciting experience意为“一次刺激的经历”

  1. C.当某些不可数抽象名词含义具体化,而被某些修饰词修饰时,前面要加不定冠词。如a betty understanding of the passage , a good knowledge of  English.

28.C.当序数词表示顺序时前面要回定冠词修饰;当表示“又一;再一”时,前面用不定冠词修饰。

29.C本题考查习惯用法, 结构为动词+sb+介词+the +身体的某个部位。

30.B.句意为“一种毛衣的保暖性取决于所用的羊毛的种类”,此处的the sweater 不是表示特指,而是表示种类;而第二个空中的the sort of wool =the wool ,表示特指的某种。

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