主谓一致中的靠近原则

主谓一致中的靠近原则(或就近原则)

当there be 句型的主语是一系列事物时,谓语应与最邻近的主语保持一致.

There is a pen, a knife and several books on the desk..

There are twenty boy-students and twenty-three girl-students in the class.

总的来说,在由not only…but also…, not just…but…, or, either…or…, neither…nor…连接主语的句子中及在there be句型中,谓语动词的单复数按就近原则处理,即按与谓语动词最靠近的那个主语来确定谓语动词的单复数形式。如:

Not only John but also I am going to Shanghai next week.

Either you or she is to go.

Here is a pen, a few envelops and some paper for you.

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