指代意义决定谓语的单复数

1) 在代词what, which, who, none, some, any, more, most, all等词的单复数由其指代的词的单复数决定. 例如:

All is right. (一切顺利.)

All are present. (所有人都到齐了.)

2) 集体名词作主语时,谓语的数要根据主语的意思来决定.如family, audience, crew, crowd, class, company, committee等词后用复数形式时,意为这个集体中的各个成员,用单数时表示该个集体.

例如:

His family isn’t very large. 他家不是一个大家庭.

His family are music lovers . 他的家人都是音乐爱好者.

但集合名词people, police, cattle, poultry(家禽).militia(民兵).vermin等在任何情况下都用复数形式. Are there any police around

3)有些名词,如variety, number, population, proportion, majority 等有时看作单数,有时看作复数. A number of +名词复数+复数动词. The number of +名词复数+单数动词.例如:

A number of books have lent out. The majority of the students like English.

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