BS EN ISO 105-Z07:1998 download free

07-10-2021 comment

BS EN ISO 105-Z07:1998 download free.Textiles Tests for colour fastness Part Z07: Determination of application solubility and solution stability of water-soluble dyes — (ISO 105-Z07:1995).
This part of ISO 105 describes a method for the determination of the application solubility of water-soluble dyes in the range 40°C to 90°C and of their solution stability. The method is not intended to measure absolute solubility.
NOTE 1 Several factors which may influence test restks are listed in Annex A.
2 Normative references
The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this part of ISO 105. At the time of publication. the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to revision, and parties to agreements based on this part of ISO 105 are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the standards indicated below. Members of IEC and ISo maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.
ISO 1773:1976. Laboratory glassware — IJmhng flasks (‘narrow-necked,).
ISO 3696:1987, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods.
3 Principle
Several solutions of known concentration, including the solubility limit, of the dye to be tested are prepared at a specified temperature. The solutions are then filtered under suction at this temperature in a heatable Nutsch filter and the application solubility limit determined by visual assessment of the filter residues and the measured flow-through time of the filtrate.
The application solubility of dyes is normally determined at 90 °C. For certain classes of dyes the solubility is determined at a lower temperature. In selecting the test temperature, the manufacturer’s recommendations are followed. The temperature is indicated in the test report (e.g. application solubility limit determined at 90 °C. 60 °C, etc.). The solution stability of dyes is determined by storing for 2 h and, as the case requires, cooling the above-mentioned solution before filtration and assessment. The dissolving and storage temperatures are indicated in the test report (e.g. solution stability at 90 °C/60 °C, 60 °C160 °C, etc.).
4 Apparatus and reagents
4.1 Erlenmeyer flask, wide-mouthed, capacity 500 ml. complying with Iso 1773.
4.2 Heating bath, thermostatically controlled, with magnetic stirring bar 40 mm long by 6 mm diameter, speed of stirrer 500 r/min to 600 r/min.
4.3 Water bath, with temperature regulator (heating/cooling) for adjusting the storage temperature (e.g. 60 °C, 3o °C or 25 °C).
4.4 Nutsch filter (Büchner funnel), heatable, of glass, steel or porcelain, of inner diameter 70 mm, capacity at least 200 ml, having more than 100 holes with a total surface area of holes (evenly distributed) of not less than 200 mm2.
4.5 Thermostatic device (optional), with circulation pump to adjust temperature of Nutsch filter.
4.6 Vacuum apparatus
4.6.1 Suction bottle, capacity 1 litre to 2 litres.
4.6.2 Piston or membrane pump, of sufficiently high suction capacity to create a full vacuum of at least 50 kPa under pressure.
4.6.3 Apparatus to adjust and maintain a given vacuum, preferably coupled with a manometer.
4.7 Stopwatch, to measure flow-through time.
4.8 Filter paper, circular. 70 mm ± 2 mm diameter.
NOTE 2 Filter papers of the following characteriatics have been found suitable:
Property Two typical sets of
Grammage,gIm2 92 121 Thickness, pm 210 330
Air resistance, Gurley, 3,6 1
s/100 ml
Wet burst strength, kPa > 1 > 4
Surface appearance smooth smooth
See ISO 105-A01:1994, clause 8, note 1 for information on sources of supply of suitable filter paper.
The type of filter paper used and the manufacturer shall be listed in the test report.
4.9 Water, complying with grade 3 of ISO 3696, used as dye solvent.
An amount of 200 ml is designated as normal. More water may be added to the solution, but such additions shall be reported together with the dye solubility values.
NOTE 3 No account is taken of changes in volume as a function of temperature, or those caused by the addition of dye.
5 Preparation of solutions
5.1 The concentrations at which the dye solutions are prepared shall be chosen considering the expected application solubility limit of the dye:
Expected limit to fall Stepwise increase in dye
between concentration approaching
I gIltoIOgIl lg/l
lOg/lto5Og/l 5g!l
5OgfltolDOgIl lOg/i above 100 gIl 20 g/l
5.2 To determine solubility at 90 °C, paste a known amount of the test dye and introduce it into the wide-mouthed Erlenmeyer flask (4.1) with a portion of the 200 ml water (4.9) at about 60 °C, but not in excess of the dissolving temperature of the dye. When the dye is completely wetted out, add the rest of the water to the flask.
Place this solution into the heating bath (4.2) maintained at 95 °C. Switch on the magnetic stirrer. When the solution has attained a temperature of 95 °C ± 2 °C, continue stirring at this temperature for a further 5 mm (total stirring time approximately 10 mm).
Then filter the solution (see clause 6) immediately to determine the solubility of the dye at 90°C.
Repeat the process for each concentration of dye under test.
5.3 To determine solubility at temperatures below 90°C, paste a known graduated amount of the test dye and introduce it into a wide-mouthed Erlenmeyer flask with a portion of the 200 ml water (4.9) at the desired dissolving temperature until the dye is completely wetted out. Then add the rest of the water to the flask.
Place the solution in the heating bath maintained at the desired dissolving temperature; stir the solution for 10 mm and then filter (see clause 6).
Repeat the process for each concentration of dye under test.
5.4 To determine the solution stability at the desired temperature (e.g. 60 °C, 30 °C or 25 °C), place the Erlenmeyer flask with the solution prepared according to 5.1 or 5.2 into a bath maintained at the desired temperature (see 4.3) and allow to stand for 2 h before filtration. Before filtering, mix the solution thoroughly by tilting the flask to and fro.
6 Filtering the solutions
NOTE 4 In order to avoid any temperature shock effects, it is essential that heated solutions are filtered through equipment already brought to the same temperature as the solution under test. Ideally this is best. done using a jacketed filter funnel, but acceptable results can also be obtained using preheated funnels. either by immersion in a water bath or oven, or by passing water preheated to the test temperature through the equipment immediately prior to carrying out the test. When using this latter technique, the amount of water should be determined locally in order that the filter funnel can be heated to the same temperature irrespective of its geometry and the ambient conditions. In all cases when using preheating techniques rather than a jacketed funnel, the test solution should be passed through the test equipment immediately after removing it from its heating medium.
6.1 Preheat the Nutsch filter (4.4) to the test temperature and maintain at this temperature throughout the entire filtration operation.
6.2 Immediately before filtering, wet out two filter papers (4.8) in the Nutach filter in a double layer using at least 50 ml water at the test temperature.
6.3 Adjust the vacuum (4.6) to 3 kPa to 4 kPa, which is equivalent to 300 mm to 400 mm water column pressure.
6.4 Filter the dye solution obtained as in 5.1, 5.2 or 5.3 at the recommended temperature and measure the flow”through time with a stopwatch. Visually examine the flask which contained the solution to determine whether any residue remains.
6.5 If the solution does not filter within 2 mm at a stabilized vacuum, filter for an additional maximum 2 mm under full vacuum (see 4.6.2).
6.6 After the solution has flowed through, continue
to extract the filter uniformly under full vacuum
for 1 mm.
6.7 Allow the filters to dry completely at room
temperature before evaluation.
7 Evaluation
7.1 Compare visually the dried filters after filtration of the various dye solutions of known concentrations. The application solubility limit, or the solution stability limit, is taken as that concentration at which filter residues are seen. Residues that are difficult to see may possibly be detected by gently rubbing the filter surface with a fingertip.

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